Illegal logging and illegal timber trade have the most impact on indigenous / local communities. These impacts include ecological crises in the form of natural disasters; loss of livelihoods due to closure of access (enclosure) or even land dispossession by forestry business actors; and the emergence of conflicts and violations of human rights (HAM). Therefore, it is appropriate for customary / local communities to participate in monitoring forest management, wood processing, and timber distribution and trade. Bad forest governance practices can be minimized through independent monitoring by customary / local communities through the Independent Monitoring mechanism within the policy framework of the Timber Legality Verification System or SVLK.
Since 2011 until now PPLH Mangkubumi has joined as a member of the Independent Forestry Monitoring Network (JPIK) and monitors illegal logging activities and SVLK permit holders in the wood processing industry, Timber Utilization Permits (IPK), Forest Ownership Rights (HPH), Forest Industrial Plants (HTI), and Private Forests. The forest monitoring program aims to combat illegal logging, promote legal timber and contribute significantly to forest preservation. Forest Monitoring activities through the SVLK platform have produced publication output in the form of books, press releases, complaints reports and complaints to related parties.
The main activities in the Forest Monitoring program are as follows:
1. Capacity building for indigenous / local communities through training for independent forestry monitors
2. Monitoring of the Timber Legality Verification System (SVLK) for forestry permit holders (Management Rights, HTI, HPH, IPK, Private Forest and Wood Processing Industry) Publication of monitoring results through press releases, reports of complaints and complaints to related parties and publication of journals and books
The Indonesian government through the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (KLHK) is encouraging the improvement of the welfare of rural communities around the forest through Social Forestry. Through Ministerial Regulations 83/2016 and 39/2017, the Government has granted forest management access permits for communities close to forests. This regulation is part of the solution to forest management problems in Indonesia, which include community poverty, food security, forest sustainability and forest management conflicts.
Social Forestry Forest Utilization Permit is a permit granted by the Minister of Environment and Forestry to community groups to be able to utilize forests in the working area of Perum Perhutani with a permit validity period of 35 years and every 5 years an evaluation is conducted. IPHPS is regulated in the Minister of Environment and Forestry Regulation 39/2017. Land that can be granted an IPHPS permit is the working area of Perum Perhutani which has a land cover of less or equal to 10% continuously for 5 (five) years or more.
To respond to this policy, PPLH Mangkubumi has provided assistance and facilitation for social forestry licensing for local communities living around the forest in Tulungagung Regency. There are 3 main aspects of the activities that we have carried out, namely:
1. Facilitation and assistance in proposing Social Forestry
2. Capacity building of local communities around the forest through various trainings and workshops
3. Policy advocacy
4. Increasing the income of local communities around the forest through provision of seed assistance timber, fruit and conservation crops and provide support in the form of tools to support the improvement of local people's livelihoods.
5. Publication through the publication of books and journals, news letters, media releases, interactive dialogue on air on radio
The river friends program is an activity initiated by PPLH Mangkubumi together with the parties in responding to river damage caused by increased waste disposal and waste that is directly flowed into the river and illegal mining activities on the Brantas river that use merat equipment (diesel and stupid engines). The impact of these poor river governance practices has caused rivers to become polluted, river degradation and has also led to the extinction of river endemic species. The goal of the river companion program is to regenerate the spirit of love for rivers by not throwing garbage / waste into the river and providing education to the public about river sustainability.
As for the activities of river friends, among others; conservation of riverbanks with greening, periodic monitoring of river water quality, declaring the stop-waste movement multiplied, identifying types of invertebrates and river invertebrates, training of environmental detectives, publishing books of research results and press releases
The targets of this program are the millennial generation and riverbank communities, the private sector and local governments. The activities of this river friend have started in 2011 until now. In carrying out this program PPLH Mangkubumi has involved parties including government elements, the private sector, students, students, riverbank communities and teachers in educational institutions. The main activities of the river companion program are as follows:
1. Capacity building for the community around the river through various trainings, for example river detective training, domestic waste management training, environmental guard training and other training.
2. Cleaning garbage in the river
3. Publication through the publication of the Sahabat Sungai news letter, Making River Information Boards and publishing books on riverbank research
4. Provision of public facilities along the river through the construction of segregated garbage bins
5. Policy advocacy through the preparation of legal drafting of the River Management Regulation